Academy 1:35 - M1A1 Iraq Version


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Academy 1:35 - M1A1 Iraq Version - Plastic Figure Model Kit #13202

The M1A1 battle tank belongs to the M1 Abrams series named after Creighton Abrams, commander of the US Army in the Vietnam War from 1968 to 1972.

The M1 Abrams entered US service in 1980 and by 1985 over 3,000 M1 Abrams tanks had been produced. Its modified version, the M1A1, appeared in 1986. It was armed with the M256 120 mm gun developed by the German company 'Rheinmetall AG' for the Leopard II. The tank also featured strong armour and was equipped with a CBRN protection system. The tank could reach speeds of up to 72 km/h. From 1986 to 1992, 6,000 M1A1 Abrams tanks were built.

In the 1980s Abrams tanks were mainly used during NATO Cold War training exercises, and only after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 did the M1A1 have its first field test when the Gulf conflict broke out in the Middle East. Soviet tanks used by the Iraqi troops were inferior to their US counterparts, so only a few Abrams were damaged in the Persian Gulf. The M1A1 had several key advantages: its fire range exceeded 2,500 meters while Soviet and Iraqi tanks shot at less than 2,000 meters.

The M1A1 was also deployed during the Invasion of Iraq in 2003 along with its improved version, the M1A2. Although the Abrams still exceeded the Iraqi tanks by all measures, by 2006 more than 530 M1 tanks needed repair. Numerous Abrams tanks were destroyed by friendly fire to prevent capture of the damaged units.

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